Impossible Burger 2.0 – review and ethical rating

When I saw an entire freezer full of Impossible Burgers at a local Grocery outlet, I did a double take. I had not imagined seeing them on sale there – especially at a price of $2.50 per pack, each containing two of the plant-based burgers from Impossible Foods (compared to a regular price of $6). I’ve been vegetarian since I was 15, so I’ve eaten my fair share of meat substitutes but had not yet tried the Impossible Burger. Over on the Green Stars Project I’ve evaluated some of these substitutes, including Tofurky, Quorn, Beyond Meat, No Evil, and good old tofu.

A few vegetarian friends said that they’re not that interested in Impossible Burgers because they are too similar to meat. I do like some meaty things like Beyond Sausages, reviewed here previously, so I had an open mind.

How to cook Impossible Burgers

After thawing a pack of burgers, I cooked one in a preheated pan, coated with a very small amount of olive oil, for about 4 minutes per side until the middle looked cooked (viewed from the side). I can see why vegetarians/vegans may not be interested in this style of meat substitute – it is very like meat in taste, texture, smell, and even the way it cooks, turning from red to grey and then brown. After cooking, I had to smother it with ketchup and dill to give it a different flavor because on its own it just wasn’t appealing to me. With these additions, I thought the burger wasn’t bad and can certainly imagine people who love the taste of meat loving them. That was, after all, the whole goal of the company – to replicate the experience of meat in order to combat climate change.

I also tried making a burger into breakfast sausages (I did this for the Beyond Meat burger too), by mixing herbs and spices into the burger and then forming it into four small sausages. I added a lot of herbs and spice – around two tablespoons of herbs (sage, thyme) and spices (paprika, mustard, fennel seed) into that one little burger. The sausages weren’t bad, but not as good as the breakfast sausages that I made from the Beyond Meat burger.

Four breakfast sausages on two slices of walnut bread are shown. The four sausages were made by combining one Impossible Burger with fennel and mustard seed, sage, thyme, and smoked paprika.
Breakfast sausages (on walnut bread) made by combining an Impossible Burger with fennel and mustard seed, sage, thyme, and smoked paprika.

Impossible burger versus Beyond Meat burger

The Grocery Outlet is also currently selling Beyond Meat burgers at a steep discount, so it’s a good time to try out these two products and compare them. That’s exactly what I did, and here’s a summary:

  1. As a vegetarian, I prefer the Beyond Meat burgers to the Impossible Burger, simply because the Impossible Burger tastes too meaty to me and I think that the Beyond Meat burgers have a more nuanced flavor.
  2. However, if you’re used to eating meat then you may prefer the Impossible Burger – I’d recommend trying both.
  3. In both cases I add a lot of dried dill and organic ketchup, along with tomato, napa cabbage, etc., to my burgers, particularly for the Impossible Burger, where I feel the need to mask the overly meaty flavor.

More about Impossible Foods

You may know the story already – Pat Brown, longtime vegan and professor of biochemistry at Stanford University, decided that the best way to combat climate change is to develop a plant-based meat substitute that would motivate consumers to move away from eating meat. That’s not new, but his research did turn up new ideas for making meat substitutes meatier. A key factor that gives meat its distinctive taste is hemoglobin – that iron-containing molecule that carries oxygen through our bodies, making our blood red. Dr. Brown didn’t imagine himself starting a food company but he came to the conclusion that it was the logical course of action if he wanted to use his biochemistry skills in the most effective way to mitigate climate change.

To make their vegan burger, Impossible Foods selected a plant-based substitute for hemoglobin known as leghemoglobin – it’s an iron-containing, oxygen-carrying molecule that’s found in the roots of legume plants. Impossible Foods makes leghemoglobin in yeast cells, by a process that’s not that different to making vegetarian rennet or insulin. So it’s a vegan product, although there was some controversy in the vegan community as the novel leghemoglobin product had to be tested in animals. Pat Brown issued a statement about that.

Impossible Burger – ingredients

The Impossible Burger that has been on shelves since 2019 is actually the second version of the product: Impossible Burger 2.0. The big difference is that the main ingredient was switched from wheat protein (gluten) to soy protein. More specifically, Impossible Foods sources genetically modified soy that’s engineered to be resistant to glyphosate.

Here are the ingredients in Impossible Burger 2.0:
Water, Soy Protein Concentrate, Coconut Oil, Sunflower Oil, Natural Flavors, 2% Or Less Of: Potato Protein, Methylcellulose, Yeast Extract, Cultured Dextrose, Food Starch Modified, Soy Leghemoglobin, Salt, Mixed Tocopherols (Antioxidant), Soy Protein Isolate, Vitamins and Minerals (Zinc Gluconate, Thiamine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B1), Niacin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Vitamin B12).

Nutrition Facts for the current burger from Impossible Foods, the Impossible Burger 2.0 are listed, as per the label. Each 113 g burger provides 240 calories, 14 g fat (18% daily value), 8 g saturated fat (40% DV), 19 g protein (31% DV), 9 g total carbohydrate including 3 g of fiber (11% DV). The burger provides substantial amounts of vitamin B12 (130% DV), thiamin (2350% DV), niacin (50% DV), iron (25% DV) and other vitamins and minerals.

Genetically modified (GM) ingredients in the Impossible Burger

If you’ve been paying attention, you’ll have noticed that two of the ingredients in Impossible Foods’ latest burger are genetically modified (GM): the yeast that makes the leghemoglobin and the soy plants that supply most of the protein for the burger. This will really require a whole separate post (probably over on the Green Stars Project) but here’s my quick take on it: I don’t have a problem with the GM yeast – it’s the same technology brought us vegetarian versions of rennet (for making cheese) and drugs like insulin (which was sourced from pigs before the yeast was developed). I do have an issue with the GM soy, and I’ll briefly explain why.

I don’t fear GM soy from the perspective of the gene itself – as a molecular biologist I know that the DNA in itself isn’t usually a big risk. I’m also not too worried about traces of glyphosate in the soy that Impossible Foods uses – here’s a summary of that issue. (I do, however, think that glyphosate levels in some foods warrant concern.)

The Center for Food Safety (a San Francisco based nonprofit) filed a lawsuit last week, challenging the FDA’s approval of leghemoglobin, and it’s certainly true that humans don’t have a history of eating this molecule as it’s mainly limited to legume roots. However, is it any more risky than the artificial colors and preservatives found in other processed food items – or than meat itself, for that matter?

What does concern me is the form of agriculture that goes hand in hand with the GM soy – usually referred to industrial agriculture. It involves the systemic use of increasing levels of glyphosate, a broad spectrum herbicide that kills all plant life, in combination with neonics, a class of insecticide known to harm bees. It also involves the worldwide use of a crop that lacks genetic diversity, coupled with control of the seeds, herbicide, and insecticide by a handful of corporations (e.g., Bayer Corp., which now owns Monsanto). But it’s complex and nuanced than just those points so I’ll post a link to a detailed discussion of this when it’s published on the GSP.

Impossible Foods versus Kite Hill

I previously reviewed Kite Hill butter here on ethical bargains, having bought it at the Grocery Outlet. Pat Brown is also a founder of Kite Hill, which produces a range of dairy alternatives that are made from cultured almond milk. So, with a founder in common, I thought it would be mildly interesting to briefly compare my impressions of Kite Hill and Impossible Foods

I found Kite Hill’s vegan butter to be a very good butter substitute and have continued to use it, including for pastry. Like the Impossible Burger, it’s a very good reproduction of the original animal-based version. I ended up giving Kite Hill an ethical rating of 3.5 Green Stars as a balance between being a vegan product but falling a bit short on some sustainability metrics. For example, the Kite Hill container should be made from post-consumer recycled plastic instead of virgin PET and the company should be more transparent on corporate responsibility and ingredient sourcing. Impossible Foods is doing a better job on two out of three of these issues, which I’ll highlight in the ethical review.

Ethical rating for Impossible Burger

Here’s a summary of how I feel about the social and environmental impact of Impossible Burger 2.0, which I’m scoring 3/5 Green Stars.

  • It’s a vegan product, playing an important role in changing humanity’s eating habits by being, perhaps, the most meat-like burger to date.
  • The newest version of the Impossible Burger has a carbon footprint 89% smaller than a beef burger and also uses 87% less water, 96% less land, and cuts water contamination by 92%. – Data from Quantis. This is similar to the impact of other meat alternatives, e.g., products from Beyond Meat, Quorn, etc. To put it into perspective, most protein-rich plant foods such as peas, beans, etc., have even better numbers.
  • The packaging consists of a container that’s made from post-consumer recycled PET, a plastic film (to keep the heme from oxidizing), and a label made from polypropylene (why did they not use card for this?).
  • In Impossible Foods’ 2020 Impact Report, you can read about how the company has started initiatives on many issues, from waste minimization and food bank donations to gender and racial equality.
  • Most of the impact report describes fairly new initiatives rather than actual results, so it’s all early stage. One initiative that I do find exciting is to attempt recycling of the water (by reverse osmosis) that comes from their yeast/leghemoglobin fermentation. Success with that could be a big step forward in sustainability for the biotech industry.
  • What’s lacking in Impossible Foods’ reporting is meaningful information about the company’s sourcing of the main ingredients: soy, coconut, and sunflower.
  • On that note, by far and away my biggest problem with Impossible Foods is the use of industrially farmed soy and sunflower. I’m hoping that this is done for mainly economic reasons (Pat Brown stated that pricing is their biggest challenge) and that perhaps they will bring out a version 3.0 made from sustainably-farmed ingredients. Even if they sourced soy and sunflower that’s not treated with neonics, this would be a start.

Considering the points above, Impossible Foods does deserve credit for creating a meat substitute that has fooled food critics and won over many meat eaters. Right now it’s an Imperfect Burger rather than an Impossible Burger, until the ingredient sourcing changes, but it’s still a whole lot more sustainable than a beef burger.

Don’t forget that if you do eat meat, you’re most likely dealing with animals that were raised on GM soy and corn, thus combining the issues of industrial agriculture with even the larger ethical and environmental problems of the meat industry. So, although imperfect, the Impossible Burger is definitely an improvement on meat (just not as high-scoring as Beyond Meat burgers, in my opinion).

Summary scores (out of 5) for Impossible Burgers:

  • 3.5 gold stars for quality and value – that’s very subjective and will depend on how much you like the meaty taste.
  • 3 green stars for social and environmental impact.

I expect that there will be many different opinions on this product. Please share your rating in a comment below!

So Delicious vegan ice creams – ethical review

I was So Impressed with the So Delicious chocolate chip mousse that I bought at the Grocery Outlet that I picked up two varieties of ice cream on my next visit. Here’s what I purchased:

1. So Delicious Peanut Butter and Raspberry ice cream (made with oat milk)

2. So Delicious Coconut Macaroon ice cream (made with cashew milk)

Like the chocolate chip mousse that I wrote about last time, I really liked raspberry ripple ice cream growing up. So I liked the raspberry aspect of the Peanut Butter and Raspberry ice cream was really good for me. The peanut butter was a bit heavy, so I had to eat this ice cream in fairly small doses – but that’s actually a good thing ; ). The two flavors did work well together, though and it was only after eating it that I got the message that it was basically PB&J!

The Coconut Macaroon was basically as-advertised. The best thing about it was the little pieces of actual coconut macaroon mixed into it – giving it some texture and variety. It would be a nice alternative to vanilla for serving with pie.

So Delicious Peanut Butter and Raspberry ice cream – ingredients

Oatmilk (Filtered Water, Whole Oat Flour), Organic Cane Sugar, Organic Coconut Oil, Organic Tapioca Syrup, Peanuts, Peanut Oil, Black Raspberries, Sugar, Pea Protein, Rice Starch, Natural Flavor, Salt, Black Currant Juice Concentrate, Guar Gum, Locust Bean Gum, Citric Acid.

So Delicious Coconut Macaroon ice cream – ingredients

Organic Coconutmilk (Filtered Water, Organic Coconut), Organic Cane Sugar, Organic Coconut Oil, Organic Tapioca Syrup, Cane Sugar, Organic Rice Starch, Organic Coconut, Palm Oil, Filtered Water, Pea Protein, Organic Sunflower Oil, Guar Gum, Locust Bean Gum, Sea Salt, Natural Flavor.

So Delicious vegan ice creams – Nutrition Facts are shown for two varieties of So Delicious ice cream, next to that for Haagen-Dazs and Ben & Jerry's.

As mentioned in the post on So Delicious mousse, I was surprised that conventional ice cream (e.g., Ben & Jerry’s and Häagen-Dazs) still contain trans fats (1 gram per serving for vanilla ice cream from both brands). Trans fats, as you probably know, have been strongly linked to heart disease as well as cancer and diabetes. These So Delicious ice creams contain quite a bit more sugar and fat than their mousse and other light desserts, but are still an improvement over dairy ice cream in that they contain some fiber, less total fat, zero cholesterol, and zero trans fat.

Ethical rating for So Delicious ice creams

Here’s a summary of how I feel about the social and environmental impact of So Delicious ice cream, which I’m scoring 4/5 Green Stars

  • These ice creams are vegan, as are all So Delicious products.
  • The top ingredients for both products (except for the oats) are certified organic.
  • The So Delicious website provides a decent amount of info about packaging, including their use of plant-based plastic (from sugarcane) and post-consumer recycled or FSC-certified paperboard for some products. The ice cream pint containers are non-compostable (because of a thin plastic lining) and also non-recyclable in most places.
  • So Delicious is part of Whitewave Foods, which is now owned by the French multinational food company, Danone Group. Danone Group, like many multinationals, is a mix of good and bad. The negatives are similar to those of Nestlé – bottled water and pushing infant formula in developing countries. But, overall, Danone looks better than Nestlé to me.
  • Danone North America is a certified B-corporation, just about qualifying with a modest score of 84.9.
  • Neither So Delicious nor Danone North America report on ingredient sourcing or corporate sustainability.
  • The coconut macaroon flavor does contain a very small amount of palm oil, but the PB & Raspberry flavor doesn’t and, in general, So Delicious products don’t contain palm oil. The WWF gives Danone a pretty good score on its palm oil scorecard.

Summary scores (out of 5) for So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse:

  • 4.5 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 4 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

Beyond Meat Cookout Classic burgers

Having stocked up and reviewed Beyond Sausage previously, I was excited to see Beyond Meat Cookout Classic burgers on sale at the Grocery Outlet, recently. This is a 10-pack of their burgers on sale for $7.99, compared to a normal price of around $17. This was a limited release from Beyond Meat and they are no longer in stock on the company website, so at this point availability is probably very limited.

The Grocery Outlet is also currently selling Impossible Burgers at a steep discount, so it’s a good time to try out these two products and compare them. That’s exactly what I did, and I would summarize the comparison as follows:

  1. As a vegetarian, I prefer the Beyond Meat burgers to the Impossible Burger, simply because the Impossible Burger tastes too meaty to me and I prefer the more nuanced flavor of these Beyond Meat burgers.
  2. Conversely, if you are used to eating meat then you may prefer the Impossible Burger – but I’d recommend trying both.
  3. In both cases I add a lot of dried dill and organic ketchup, along with tomato, napa cabbage, etc., to my burgers, particularly for the Impossible Burger, where I feel that I need to mask the overly meaty flavor.

Bottom line is that I really like the Beyond Meat Classic Cookout burgers and intend to stock up on more of them while they’re still at the Grocery Outlet. They’re also very light on packaging, but I’ll get to that later.

Beyond Meat Cookout Burgers – ingredients.

Water, Pea Protein, Expeller-Pressed Canola Oil, Refined Coconut Oil, Rice Protein, Natural Flavors, Methylcellulose, Potato Starch, Apple Extract, Pomegranate Extract, Salt, Potassium Chloride, Vinegar, Lemon Juice Concentrate, Sunflower Lecithin, Beet Juice Extract (for color), Carrot.

Beyond Meat Cookout Classic burgers - Nutrition Facts. 290 calories total, including 22 g fat, 1 g fiber, 0 g sugars, and 18 g protein. Also provides 20% of iron daily recommended intake.

How to cook Beyond Meat Classic Cookout burgers

Basically you store the burgers in the freezer and take them out to thaw in advance of cooking. You can thaw them at room temperature for a few hours if cooking the same day or in the fridge overnight, where you can keep them for up to a week before cooking. I tried cooking one from frozen but it’s not recommended as you may end up with a cold or even frozen center, depending on how you cook them. So thaw and then cook in a pan (non-stick or regular) that’s pre-heated with a very thin film of olive oil – or you can omit the oil as the burgers have plenty of fat in them. I cook them as directed, for 4 minutes per side on medium-high heat and add sometimes a slice of vegan cheese to the top after flipping them (I’ll get around to reviewing that cheese someday!).

You can also take a raw burger and mix in herbs (thyme, sage, etc.) and spices (smoked paprika, mustard, etc.) and then shape the burger into breakfast sausages. The burgers are fairly large so each one can be turned into three or four breakfast sausages.

Ethical rating for Beyond Meat Classic Cookout burgers

I’ve previously written about the sustainability of Beyond Meat on The Green Stars Project, and also reviewed Beyond Sausage on this site. Overall, I think that Beyond Sausage deserves 4.5/5 Green Stars for social and environmental impact, based on these factors:

  • A vegan product that avoids hardship to animals.
  • A life-cycle assessment showed that Beyond Meat burger is far more sustainable than beef, cutting water use, land use, and greenhouse-gas emissions by over 90% each.
  • A 2018 Oxford University study looked at various metrics such as carbon and pollution footprints and land use. Peas and other legumes had the best scores on all fronts.
  • Legumes such as peas general require far less fertilizer because the plants fix their own nitrogen.
  • Packaging for these 10-packs of Beyond Meat burgers is nice and minimal. There’s a cardboard box and inside is one bag containing all of the burgers – that’s not a lot of packaging for 10 burgers. You can recycle the box and, for bonus points, you could repurpose the bag for something like kitty litter disposal.
  • I’d like to see corporate sustainability reports from Beyond Meat and more information on ingredient sourcing.

Summary scores (out of 5) for Beyond Meat Classic Cookout burgers:

  • 4.5 gold stars for quality and value
  • 4.5 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe and sane : )

Hemp Yeah! Hemp seed bars review

One of the newish brands that I discovered at the Grocery Outlet is Canada-based Hemp Yeah! (aka, Manitoba Harvest). I’ve bought Hemp Yeah! bars and hemp milk at the Grocery Outlet and have liked all of the products I’ve tried so far – I’ll cover the hemp milk in another review. The hemp bars that I’m currently eating are Dark Chocolate Almond Sea Salt but I’ve also tried the Coconut Cashew Dark Chocolate variety.

I like that hemp seeds are the first ingredient (followed by sunflower seeds, dark chocolate, and pea protein crisps) and that they are therefore rich in the minerals and omega-3 fats that we love hemp for. Each 45 g bar provides 6 g of omega-3 & 6 fatty acids, 10 g of protein, 3 g of fiber, and fairly high percentages of our recommended intake of several minerals (Mg, Mn, Zn, Fe) and B-vitamins. There’s only 7 grams of sugars per bar, which is pretty impressive considering how tasty they are – the chocolate coating is really good; often not the case for energy bars.

They weren’t as ridiculously cheap as some items at the Grocery Outlet – it cost $12 for a box of 12 bars, compared to a normal price of between $20 and $27 – but I think they’re worth it.

Hemp Yeah! Dark Chocolate Almond Sea Salt bars – ingredients

Shelled hemp seeds, sunflower seeds, fair trade dark chocolate (sugar, chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, sunflower lecithin, vanilla extract), pea protein crisps (pea protein, tapioca starch), tapioca syrup, agave syrup, toasted coconut, almonds, pumpkin seeds, sea salt, coconut oil, cocoa powder, almond extract, natural flavor.

Hemp Yeah! Dark Chocolate Almond Sea Salt bars – Nutrition Facts are shown alongside an image of a box of 12 bars

Ethical rating for Hemp Yeah! bars

In the context of clothing, I’ve looked at sustainability of hemp over on the Green Stars Project, concluding that it’s one of the most sustainable textiles that you can buy. Agricultural inputs for growing hemp are generally low, and the same can be said for sunflower seeds, another high-yield crop. Chocolate, the third ingredient is fair trade certified. Here’s a summary of how I feel about the social and environmental impact of Hemp Yeah! Hemp seed bars, which I’m scoring 4.5 Green Stars:

  • Hemp seed, the main ingredient, is a sustainable crop that we should be using more of, for food, clothing, and other needs. Hemp crops often require little or no use of pesticide or herbicide, can be grown on marginal land, and actually add carbon to the soil, leaving the land in better condition.
  • Sunflower seeds are another high-yield, low-input crop, but are often treated with neonics (pesticides that harm bees) so I’d prefer if these bars were made with organic sunflower seeds.
  • Chocolate, the third ingredient, is fair trade certified.
  • Pea protein, the fourth ingredient, is generally one of the most sustainable high-protein crops, especially when grown in rain-rich Canada.
  • The company (Manitoba Harvest) is a certified B-corporation, with a decent score of 92.5.
  • One of Manitoba Harvest’s co-founders, Martin Moravcik, advocated for the legalization of industrial hemp, which became reality in 1998, the same year that the company was founded. This is a fairly big deal, as the prohibition of hemp was a major misstep by governments.
  • Manitoba Harvest is certified carbon neutral.
  • The bars are vegan, as are most of the products made by Manitoba Harvest (except for a couple that contain honey).

Summary scores (out of 5) for Hemp Yeah! Dark Chocolate Almond Sea Salt bars:

  • 4.5 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 4.5 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse

So Delicious is a brand of plant-based (vegan) ice creams and other frozen desserts – including ice-cream sandwiches that I’ve heard good things about and am excited to try. I picked up a tub of So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse at the Grocery Outlet ($1.49 compared to a regular price of around $5) and to be honest my hopes were not that high – for two reasons.

1. I don’t eat much ice cream anymore because the high sugar content can cause a mood crash.

2. The last time I tried a vegan ice cream (I don’t remember the brand) it was icy and fairly tasteless.

However, the So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse took me by surprise by being none of the above – it was barely distinguishable from regular ice cream and was actually fairly low in sugar: 9 grams per serving compared to around 24 grams for regular ice cream. The mousse, part of a low-calorie range from So Delicious, has a large 330 printed on the front of the tub that indicates the total number of calories inside (so that’s 110 calories for a regular serving of 1/3 pint). Normally I go for nutrient rich foods, but ice cream is an exception – since most of the calories in ice cream come from fat and sugar it’s better to have a lighter version. The So Delicious mousse contains 4 grams of fat per serving, compared to around 20 grams for vanilla ice cream from Häagen-Dazs or Ben & Jerry’s.

But the best thing about it, though, was the taste – and how the ice cream brought me back to my childhood, like that great scene towards the end of Ratatouille. Growing up in Ireland, we had chocolate-covered vanilla ice cream bars known as the Choc Ice. The So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse is really similar to the flavor and texture of a Choc Ice and it’s one of the best ice creams that I’ve had in a while that’s also fairly guilt-free.

It looks like this may be another “limited edition” product that’s now only at the Grocery Outlet. I don’t know if that’s because it’s brand new, or (more likely) has been updated – there’s a new product on the So Delicious site that looks almost the same, but it’s called Cocoa Chip Light Frozen Dessert instead of Chocolate Chip Mousse. (I prefer the latter name.)

So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse – ingredients

Ingredients: Filtered Water, Organic Tapioca Syrup, Organic Coconut Oil, Cane Sugar, Erythritol, Chicory Root Extract, Pea Protein, Cocoa, Organic Cocoa, Sea Salt, Guar Gum, Sunflower Lecithin, Tapioca Starch, Chocolate Liquor, Natural Flavor, Xanthan Gum.

When I looked up nutritional information for some conventional ice creams (Ben & Jerry’s and Häagen-Dazs vanilla) I wasn’t too surprised at the large amount of fat and sugar, but I was shocked to see that both contained 1 gram of trans fats per serving. Trans fats!?! I was pretty sure these had been phased out of all but the very junkiest of foods after they were so strongly linked to heart disease and cancer. Anyway, that’s another perk of going with a plant-based brand like So Delicious – zero trans fats.

So Delicious chocolate chip mousse, nutritional information, shown next to nutritional information for two kinds of dairy vanilla ice cream - Haagen-Dazs and Ben & Jerry's.

Ethical rating for So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse

Here’s a summary of how I feel about the social and environmental impact of So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse, which I’m scoring 4/5 Green Stars:  

  • A vegan product, as are all So Delicious products.
  • Does not contain palm oil, a common ingredient in ice cream.
  • The top two ingredients (tapioca and coconut) are certified organic.
  • The So Delicious website provides a decent amount of info about packaging, including their use of plant-based plastic (from sugarcane) and post-consumer recycled or FSC-certified paperboard for some products. However, the ice cream pint containers are non-compostable (because of a thin plastic lining) and also non-recyclable.
  • So Delicious is part of Whitewave Foods, which is now owned by the French multinational food company, Danone Group. Danone Group, like many multinationals, is a mix of good and bad. The negatives are similar to those of Nestlé – bottled water and pushing infant formula in developing countries. But, overall, Danone looks better than Nestlé to me.
  • Danone North America is a certified B-corporation, just about qualifying with a modest score of 84.9.
  • Neither So Delicious nor Danone North America report on ingredient sourcing or corporate sustainability – you’d have to dig into Danone, the parent company, and by that point you’re dealing with generalities rather than specifics on this product.

Summary scores (out of 5) for So Delicious Chocolate Chip Mousse:

  • 4.5 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 4 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

Quorn vegetarian turkey slices – ethical review

Last week at the Grocery Outlet I bought some Quorn Meatless Turkey-Style Deli Slices, to give them their full name. They were $1.99 for a pack of 10 slices, compared to… um, actually I don’t see a price for them online – I guess they are very new, or very limited. Having lived in the UK and Ireland, I’m very familiar with other Quorn products – as one of the pioneers in vegetarian “meat substitutes” Quorn was a great help in my early days of being a vegetarian.

These slices were better than I was expecting. I buy Tofurky deli-slices from time to time and the Quorn product is a bit closer to the taste and texture of turkey (if that matters to you). It looks like they made a small error in the packaging but stating that it contains two servings instead of three – I think that’s often how stuff ends up at the Grocery Outlet. There’s some slight problem with the packaging, or perhaps the product is being tested out on a trial basis, or close to expiration. Either way, it’s a win-win for Grocery Outlet customers and for reducing food waste.

Overall, I liked these vegetarian turkey slices and thought they would work for someone who’s trying to go plant-based but still craving the taste of real turkey. They work well on toast combined with tomato, avocado, or one of the vegan cheeses that I’ll be reviewing in the coming weeks.  Nutritionally, they pack in a lot of protein (9 grams per serving) and a fair amount of fiber (4 g), while being very low in fat and sugar.

Quorn Meatless Turkey-Style Deli Slices – ingredients

Mycoprotein (65%), Egg White, Yeast Extract, Milk Proteins, Pea Fiber. Contains 2% or less of Canola Oil, Natural Flavor, Onion Powder, Sage, Potato Maltodextrin, Sugar, Salt, Tapioca Dextrin.

Ethical rating for Quorn Meatless Turkey-Style Deli Slices

I’ve profiled Quorn Foods over on the Green Stars Project, so I’ll refer you to that post for more information and just summarize it here. In that post I rated Quorn’s vegan burger patties 5/5 Green Stars for social and environmental impact. The footprint of these turkey-style deli-slices is a bit higher as they contain eggs and milk protein. Quorn do source cage-free eggs for their products and did receive a Good Egg award from Compassion in World Farming for the company’s avoidance of caged eggs. Ideally Quorn would source pasture-raised eggs as these are a significant step-up in quality of life for hens, compared to cage-free.

So take a look at the post on the Green Stars Project on the sustainability and ethics of Quorn, and you can find more background info on why I’m scoring these Quorn deli-slices 4/5 Green Stars

Quorn Turkey-Style Deli Slices ethical review. An image of a package of Quorn Meatless Turkey-Style Deli Slices is shown over a graphic of 4 Green Stars, representing an ethical rating for social and environmental impact.

Summary scores (out of 5) for Quorn Meatless Turkey-Style Deli Slices:

  • 4.5 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 4 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

Nature’s Path nut butter cereal – ethical review

I bought two kinds of cereal from Nature’s Path at the Grocery Outlet recently – Almond Nut Butter Crunch and Coconut Cashew – they were $1.99 for each 10-ounce box, compared to normal prices of around $5. As usual, I’ll do a quick review on taste/quality and then a separate ethical review that considers the social and environmental impact.

Nature’s Path nut butter cereals – ingredients

Almond Nut Butter Crunch: Yellow corn flour*, corn meal*, whole grain rolled oats*, cane sugar*, sunflower oil*, almond butter*, peanut butter*, sea salt, honey*, rice starch*, tocopherols (Vitamin E). *Organic.

Coconut Cashew: Yellow corn flour*, corn meal*, whole grain rolled oats*, cane sugar*, sunflower oil*, cashew butter*, peanut butter*, dried coconut*, sea salt, honey*, rice starch*, coconut flavor*, tocopherols (Vitamin E). *Organic.

Nature’s Path cereal – review

These Nature’s Path nut butter cereals are interesting in that they are basically two kinds of cereal mixed together: organic corn flakes and granola-like nut butter clusters. I haven’t had corn flakes for a long time and I was more attracted by the nut butter aspect of the cereal. I don’t even buy much cereal – and it’s usually granola or homemade muesli if anything. However, with 95% of my meals being at home this year I’ve been buying more cereal and also trying a wider variety of plant-based milks too. I did review Califia’s Protein Oat milk, but I usually reserve that (or homemade oat milk) for my coffee and instead I’ve been using hemp milk with this cereal. I’ll post a review of the hemp milk soon, hopefully.

Bottom line with these cereals: I like both of them and would buy again. The texture provided by the mixture of corn flakes and nut clusters works for me – that’s important as I really dislike cereals that have no texture or that go soggy quickly. (Yes, that’s a first-world problem, I know.) Another thing that’s important for me is that breakfast provides some long-lived energy, not a sugar high that’s followed quickly by a mood crash. So, these cereals tick the boxes in terms of texture and nutrition, and in terms of flavor I actually liked them about equally. Your choice may be dictated more by whether or not you like coconut, more than anything else.

Unlike the previous post where I bought Back to Nature cookies without knowing a huge amount about the company, I’ve purchased and reviewed a Nature’s Path product before. Similar to the situation with Clif Bar (reviewed in a recent post) I had originally looked into Nature’s Path about 5 years ago – so it’s time for an update!

Ethical rating for Nature’s Path nut butter cereal

Overall, I think that Nature’s Path nut butter cereals deserve 5 Green Stars for social and environmental impact, based on these factors:

  • Nature’s Path Foods is a family-owned Canadian triple bottom line company (with a female CEO) that’s focused on sustainability. The company helped establish the Sustainable Food Trade Association and is a pioneer of the organic farming movement (e.g., Nature’s Path made the first USDA certified organic cereal).
  • Every ingredient in the nut butter cereals is organic (except for salt, where that doesn’t apply).
  • Nature’s Path purchased land for organic farming in Canada and the US, which it crop shares with family farmers. Crop sharing supports smaller, independent organic farmers in a similar way to community supported agriculture (CSA).
  • Going beyond organic, a Nature’s Path farm was one of the first to receive a Regenerative Organic Certification. This includes the use of specific farming practices that help put more carbon into the soil. Anyone who has read about this (The Soil Will Save Us is a good book) knows how important soil carbon is.
  • The cereals are almost vegan – they are labeled as vegetarian as they contain honey.
  • Nature’s Path reduced their CO2 emissions per pound of product quite a lot since 2008 and aimed to be carbon neutral by 2020.
  • The company donates at least $2 million each year to food banks and supports environmental causes such as endangered species protection and community gardens. Its EnviroKids products support 1% For the Planet.
  • Nature’s Path has made a lot of effort to reduce waste and all three of its manufacturing facilities are now zero waste certified, diverting 92% of waste from landfill.
  • In an effort to reduce packaging waste, the company introduced cereals packaged in “Eco Pac” bags made from #2 plastic (HDPE), the same type used for most plastic bottles, which makes the bags much more widely recyclable than the normal #4 bags (LDPE).
  • The nut butter cereal boxes are made from recycled paperboard and printed with vegetable-based inks. It must be said that each box only contains ten ounces of cereal – that’s 5 servings or 1150 calories, total – it would be nice if they packed a bit more into each box to make the packaging go further.
Nature’s Path nut butter cereal review. An image of Nature's Path nut butter cereal varieties, Coconut and Cashew crunch, and Almond crunch is shown with an ethical rating of 5 Green Stars beneath it.

Summary scores (out of 5) for Nature’s Path nut butter cereals:

  • 4 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 5 green stars for social and environmental impact

This is the second product to receive a top score of 5 green Stars! Although it’s a perfect score, almost no company (or person) is perfect but many deserve recognition for being a pioneer in one area.  The previous 5-star company was Alter-Eco, which I thought especially deserved a 5-star rating for introducing a compostable wrapper and for its work on regenerative forestry. In the case of Nature’s Path, its pioneering work on organic farming and regenerative organic agriculture to support soil health (an absolutely critical issue) helps seal its 5-star rating!

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

Back to Nature cookies – ethical review

I bought two kinds of cookies from Back to Nature at the Grocery Outlet last week – Chocolate Chunk and Classic Creme. Cookies are one of my favorite things to bake but (similar to my excuse for buying several pizzas) I was feeling worn out last month and bought these attractive-looking boxed cookies, together with the pizzas and some Deschutes beer to complete my comfort food trifecta!

Back to Nature cookies – review

If you’re vegan, you may have come across articles mentioning that Oreo cookies are actually vegan. However, as this article points out, there are other aspects to a product’s ethics other than whether the ingredients are plant-based or not, and the palm oil in Mondelēz International’s Oreos is a key factor.  So, I was excited to find that the Back to Nature cookies are not only vegan but also taste great – and one variety is very similar to Oreos!

Don’t get me wrong, cookies that you bake at home are likely to taste better, but these cookies aren’t at all bad, ranking above average in taste and texture compared to other store-bought cookies that I’ve had in the US. The Chocolate Chunk cookies are at least as good, if not better than the other chocolate chip cookies that I’ve had here (e.g., Newman’s Own and Whole Foods’ 365 brand). Both varieties of the Back to Nature cookies have typical sugar content for this kind of cookie (there’s a little less sugar in the Classic Creme cookies compared to ultra-sweet Oreos) but they both have the benefit of being significantly lower in saturated fat compared to 365 and Newman’s Own cookies.

A photo of two Back to Nature cookies - Chocolate Chunk and Classic Creme. Ethical review of Back to Nature.

Back to Nature cookies – ingredients

Chocolate Chunk cookies: Unbleached Wheat Flour, Semi-Sweet Chocolate (Sugar, Unsweetened Chocolate, Cocoa Butter, Dextrose, Soy Lecithin, Vanilla Extract), Cane Sugar, Safflower Oil, Leavening (Baking Soda, Ammonium Bicarbonate), Brown Rice Syrup, Sea Salt.

Classic Creme cookies: Unbleached Wheat Flour, Cane Sugar, Palm Oil, Safflower Oil, Cocoa Powder (Processed With Alkali), Brown Rice Syrup, Leavening (Baking Soda, Ammonium Bicarbonate) Sea Salt, Soy Lecithin, Natural Flavor.

Back to Nature Foods – ownership

I’m realizing now that this could be is an example of me buying a product that looks kind of sustainable and socially responsible and then finding a different story when I do a little research. See, for example, the story of the Sweet Earth pizzas which turned out to be owned by Nestlé (although Sweet Earth is still a good company, IMO). Basically, at one point, Back to Nature Foods was owned in part by Mondelēz International – the same multinational food giant that makes Oreos!! That is, until 2017, when Back to Nature Foods was acquired by a company called B&G Foods. So, the question then becomes: is this just a brand that’s more ethical in name than in nature? Let’s do an ethical review!

Ethical rating for Back to Nature cookies

Overall, I think that these Back to Nature cookies deserve 3.5 Green Stars (Chocolate Chunk variety) and 3 Green Stars (Classic Creme variety) for social and environmental impact, based on these factors:

  • All Back to Nature products are made with plant-based ingredients, with the exception of a few products that contain honey.
  • My central problem with the cookies is that the company provides zero information on ingredient sustainability or social impact (on the package or online). One Back to Nature product is organic, but these cookies are not.
  • This is especially true of the Classic Creme cookies which contain palm oil. Back to Nature provide no info on palm oil sourcing. Perhaps they are every bit as bad as Oreo’s in that respect… we just don’t know.
  • Similarly, there’s no information on sourcing of chocolate – either the human impact (which can include child labor and slavery) or the environmental impact (which can include deforestation and some of the worst pesticides).
  • The box is made from recycled (and recyclable) paperboard and printed with vegetable inks.
  • However, the inner wrap is not compostable or recyclable, nor is the tray that holds the cookies as it’s made from polystyrene. That’s disappointing as polystyrene is not eco-friendly.
  • One thing I do like about the packaging is that it’s very compact, relative to the substantial amount of cookies inside, minimizing the amount of plastic needed.
  • Back to Nature is “working with The Nature Conservancy to plant more than 130,000 trees throughout the United States in 2020, as a supporter of the Plant a Billion Trees Program”.
  • To put that into perspective, that’s a donation of $200,000, which amounts to about 1% of the company’s net profit (EBITA) back in 2017.
  • It must be said that The Nature Conservancy has received a fair amount of criticism and doubt over its motives and links to the oil and gas industry.
  • Back to Nature was owned in part by Mondelēz International but is now owned by B&G Foods which also own various brands of frozen food (Green Giant), Mexican food (Ortega) and spices.

Overall, it’s a mix of good and bad. Perhaps the packaging is a good example – the outer box is made from recycled paperboard but the inner tray is made from polystyrene. Similarly, the products are vegan but the company has not disclosed essential information on sourcing of key ingredients.

Summary scores (out of 5) for Back to Nature cookies:

  • 4 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 3.5 green stars for social and environmental impact for the Chocolate Chunk cookies
  • 3 green stars for social and environmental impact for the Classic Creme cookies

The Classic Creme cookies get a lower score because they contain palm oil, with no info on sourcing. If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

Clif Bars – sustainability and ethical review

I bought a box of Clif Bars at the Grocery Outlet last week – specifically Chocolate Peanut Butter bars from Cliff’s Sweet and Salty range. It cost $6.99 for a large box of 12 bars at the Grocery Outlet, compared to $18 if bought directly from Clif Bar. You can find them on sale online for as little as $13, but the GO price is still almost 50% cheaper.

Clif chocolate peanut butter bars – review

Each Clif bar is 68 grams, providing 260 calories, 10 g of protein, 8 g fat (2.5 g saturated fat), 4 g of fiber, 20 g of sugars, a few minerals and a little vitamin E. It’s fairly typical of Clif energy bars in that it’s moderately nutrient-dense but pretty high in sugar and not as nutritious as a meal composed of veggies (no energy bar really achieves that, but some come closer). I’m just realizing that the Purely Elizabeth bars that I reviewed last month are also marketed as Salty & Sweet and I had also tried the peanut butter version. I didn’t even think I liked peanut butter that much!

Peanuts are a good source of protein and because peanut plants are legumes, fixing their own nitrogen from the air, they can also be a sustainable crop. I usually try to buy organic peanut products from a reputable source – not only for the environment but also for heath (avoiding pesticide and aflatoxin residues). Clif do use organic peanuts in their bars and, in fact, most of the ingredients are certified organic.

The wrapper is sadly not compostable (few are, but it can be done – see my recent review of Alter Eco) but it’s pretty lightweight. The bar has some crispy & crunchy bits (e.g., chopped peanuts) adding important texture that’s sometimes missing in energy bars. It’s not overly salty or sweet, which is good, but also not knocking my socks off in terms of flavor. However, I think it’s a good option for hiking or having around the house during a global pandemic, when you don’t want to go shopping too often. Actually, the more I eat it the more I kinda like it – you could think of it as a more muted, and more ethical, alternative to a Snickers bar.

Clif Bars – sustainability and ethical review. A photo of Clif's Chocolate Peanut Butter bar from Cliff’s Sweet and Salty range, together with the wrapper, showing the ingredients and nutritional info.

Ethical rating for Clif sweet and salty bars

A few years ago, on the Green Stars Project, I wrote two posts on energy bars – one that contains ethical ratings for several brands (and a recipe for making your own) and another that specifically looks at the ethics of Kind Bars (which I think deserve a low rating of 2 Green Stars). I’m going to take the Clif bar review that I wrote in 2015 and update it here, since that was a few years ago. Overall, Clif has continued to do well on reducing the company’s impact (such as greenhouse gas emissions and waste) and working with non-profits to support projects related to renewable energy, reforestation, and community well-being.

Overall, I think that these Clif bars deserve 4.5 Green Stars for social and environmental impact, based on these factors:

  • 82% of all Ingredients used by Clif are organic and/or certified by the Rainforest Alliance.
  • Clif has a goal to divert at least 90% of company waste from landfill. Recently Clif announced that its bakeries in Idaho and Indiana have already reached this goal and are pursuing zero waste certification.
  • The Clif bar wrapper is not compostable but Clif is working on a goal of 100% of its packaging being reusable, recyclable, or compostable by 2025. However, Clif could make compostable wrappers work in 2021 if it really wanted to.
  • The box that contains Clif Bars is FSC-certified and made from recycled (and recyclable) paperboard.
  • Clif Bar’s own facilities use 100% renewable electricity.
  • Clif Bar building are built with sustainability in mind (LEED green building certification)
  • Thanks to collaborations with Native Energy, Cliff offset core emissions since the company began (going back 18 years) – not just with carbon credits but by financing renewable energy and sustainability projects.
  • Clif Bar is also working with Native Energy and other non-profits (American Forests) to compensate for emissions from tangential activities like corporate travel and supply chains.
  • Clif is working with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop solar farms that also work as pollinator habitats.
  • Clif has a strong workforce culture of social and environmental responsibility, ranging from paid volunteer time to subsidies clean transportation.
  • Cacao and palm oil is certified by the Rainforest Alliance, an organization that receives some criticism for its standards or enforcement of these standards. I’d prefer to see organic, shade-grown cacao that’s certified Fair Trade and also palm oil (which Clif Bar sources from South America) that’s certified by Palm Done Right.
  • It looks like Clif is no longer a member of 1% for the Planet and also not a certified B-Corporation (which I was surprised to see).
  • Overall, Clif Bar does a great job at describing the social and environmental impact of company operations, with stories within stories that start in Clif’s Aspirations page.
Clif Bars – sustainability and ethical review. A photo of a box of Clif's Sweet and Salty Chocolate Peanut Butter bars next to an individual bar. Beneath it is a graphic showing an ethical rating of 4.5 out of 5 Green Stars.

Overall, there’s room for improvement in some areas but Clif has been an industry leader in key areas such as addressing climate change.

Summary scores (out of 5) for Clif chocolate peanut butter bars:

  • 3.5 gold stars for quality and value.
  • 4.5 green stars for social and environmental impact

If you have a different opinion, please share your rating! Until next time, stay safe : )  

How sustainable is Kite Hill Butter?

Kite Hill butter is now on sale at the Grocery Outlet for $1.50 per 8-ounce tub – that’s 75% off the normal price. So, if you normally use conventional dairy butter (or vegan butter that’s made from palm oil that you’re not certain is ethically sourced) it’s a good time to try out Kite Hill’s vegan butter.

Also, I had originally scored Kite Hill 3 Green Stars but on further reflection I think it deserves an ethical rating of 3.5 Green Stars. The upgrade is largely based on the fact that the product works well as a replacement for conventional butter, hence helping more people to make a switch from animal products.

Listening to a podcast featuring Patrick Brown (co-founder of Kite Hill and Impossible Foods), it’s clear that this is his main goal in life now. I’m hoping that other improvements to the product will come with time (see the original post below for details on the rating).

Grocery Outlet Ethical Bargains

I found Kite Hill butter at the Grocery Outlet last week – $2.99 for the 8-ounce tub, normally $6 at other stores. I’ve now tried it a few times on various toasts and sandwiches and found it to be fine – it spreads well, melts well, and has a fairly neutral flavor that doesn’t interfere with whatever you’re creating in the kitchen. At the same time, Kite Hill butter doesn’t really add anything because the flavor and texture are both so neutral. It doesn’t elevate toast in the same way as good butter from pasture-raised cows (e.g., from Humboldt Creamery or Kerrygold) but it’s as good as most conventional dairy butters in the US. Update: actually I like Kite Hill butter the more I use it, and in a direct tasting versus conventional dairy butter (Tillamook) I think Kite Hill was actually better.

Trying different kinds of butter, searching for…

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